TPACK – UDL Scale for Science Teachers: Construction, Validation and Reliability

  • Jamil Suprihatiningrum Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: inclusive science learning, TPACK, UDL, TPACK-UDL Scale


The Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) has been widely studied, but only a few have been found that integrate it with the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) framework. This study aims to develop the TPACK-UDL Scale to examine teacher’s knowledge of pedagogic, content, and technology related to inclusive science learning. The development of the scale refers to the eight development steps by DeVellis. After reviewing the constructs of TPACK and UDL, and examining for intersections between them, the next step was preparing the initial draft, which produced 60 items, which were divided into eight aspects (Pedagogical Knowledge/PK, Technological Knowledge/TK, Content Knowledge/CK, Technological Content Knowledge/TCK, Pedagogical Content Knowledge/PCK, Technological Pedagogical Knowledge/TPK, TPACK, and Inclusive Education Knowledge/IEK). Six-panel experts examined the initial draft of the TPACK-UDL Scale, focusing on the content and items construction. The panel experts’ feedback was used to revise the initial draft and produced the second draft. This draft was then tested on 42 science teachers who were randomly selected and asked for their willingness to fill out the scale voluntarily. Validity and reliability of the scale were tested using the Partial Least Square (PLS) method. Several iterative stages of testing were conducted and produced a final 48 valid items with a Cronbach’s Alpha value > 0.8, ????A value > 0.8, and composite reliability > 0.9. Therefore, the TPACK-UDL Scale is valid and reliable for measuring teachers’ knowledge and abilities in designing inclusive science learning. Suggestions are made for the use of the TPACK-UDL scale from a practical and theoretical perspective for future research.


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How to Cite
Suprihatiningrum, J. (2023). TPACK – UDL Scale for Science Teachers: Construction, Validation and Reliability. Randwick International of Education and Linguistics Science Journal, 4(2), 339-354.